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Thursday, May 21, 2015

Williams Intermediate School, Bridgewater- May 22nd

41° 59' 03" N
70° 58' 47" W
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The EarthView team is happy to be visiting Williams Intermediate School in Bridgewater today which is located not too far from the University! If you take a look at the map above, you can see that BSU is located within the map view for the school. While we usually travel farther, it is nice to stay in town and visit with the local students!

About 6 years ago, Dr. Hayes-Bohanan and wife Pamela -- a BSU librarian -- were inspired by an NPR series, Main Street USA, in which reporters traveled around to different cities and towns and reported about what was happening on Main Street. They decided to conduct a project of their own called, "The Bridgewaters Project" in which they would travel around to all of the different Bridgewaters and record their travels on their blog, Bridgewaters Project.They discovered that Bridgewater is a fairly common name for a town and at the time they started the blog in 2009, they knew of Bridgewater, Vermont; Bridgewater, Maine; Bridgewater, New Hampshire; Bridgewater, Connecticut; Bridgewater, New York; Bridgewater, New Jersey; Bridgewater, Nova Scotia, Canada and Bridgwater, England

Additionally, there is a Bridgewater, Virginia and a university is located in that town as well which is the reason why BSU's domain is bridgew.edu since Bridgewater College in Bridgewater, Virginia took the domain bridgewater.edu. An interesting thing to note is that Bridgewater State University was originally named the "Normal School" and was chosen to be placed here in town because the people of Bridgewater committed more assistance then competing towns, mostly in terms of making rooms available for students to rent. The entire school (dorms, classrooms and offices) was in one building, which burned down in 1925.

Bridgewater, Massachusetts was incorporated as a town in 1656 and originally included all or parts of the towns of Rockland, Whitman and Avon. These towns were dropped early and by 1716, the remaining town of Bridgewater was divided into four pieces: North Bridgewater, South Bridgewater, East Bridgewater and West Bridgewater. South Bridgewater eventually became simply the town of Bridgewater and North Bridgewater became the city of Brockton. 



Bridgewater, Massachusetts is also home to the "Bridgewater Triangle" where strange paranormal phenomena occurs in a 200 square-mile area centered on the Hockomock Swamp. We will save this topic for another blog post as we could go quite a bit in depth on this since Eva the EarthView blogger enjoys reading up on ghost stories and the like. 



We hope that the students of Williams Intermediate School enjoyed their visit with EarthView today and we hope to visit again soon! 
Seismograph 

Update from the school: During our visit today, we discovered that William's Intermediate is home to seismograph, a machine that monitors seismic activity, also known as earthquakes! If you have been following our blog posts, you would have noticed that we have been talking quite frequently about earthquakes since the devastating one that hit Nepal. The nice secretary in the front office told us that this seismograph picked up some activity during the beginning of May...interesting!!

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Mary Baker School, Brockton- May 15th

42° 5' 49 N
70° 59' 24 W
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Mary Baker School














Today EarthView is pleased to be visiting the Mary Baker School in Brockton! This is our second visit to the school, our first took place back in 2009 about a year after the school first opened its doors. The Mary Baker School opened its doors to the public on October 21st, 2008 and was the first green school to be built in Brockton. We here at EarthView are very pleased when we learn about what schools are doing to go green and become more sustainable, we wish that all would take the initiative as it would help to lessen our carbon footprint and wasteful impact on the Earth and the environment. The blog post for our first visit to the school can be found on our old domain, bsc-earthview.blogspot.com or by clicking here

Students from the Geography of Brockton course

If you attend BSU, you may have the opportunity to take a course that EarthView's very own Dr. Hayes-Bohanan teaches, the Geography of Brockton. The course teaches about the physical and human geography of Brockton and is currently offered as an Honors course. 

If you have been following our blogposts (and the news), you would have known about the deadly 7.8 magnitude earthquake that hit Nepal on April 25th. On Tuesday, May 13th a 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal killing about 80 people and injuring about 2,000. Tuesday's earthquake was centered about 48 miles east of Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal as opposed to 47 miles northwest of Kathmandu which was the location of the previous earthquake.


Nepal Earthquake

Dr. Hayes-Bohanan recently discovered an article about the effects of the 7.8 magnitude earthquake on the Himalayan Mountains. When the earthquake occurred, scientists at the German Aerospace Center discovered that part of the Himalayas dropped five feet in height while the city of Kathmandu appears to have risen five feet. This rising and falling is due to the effects that earthquakes have on the tectonic plates beneath our feet. While the Indian plate that contains Kathmandu is consistently being pulled under the Eurasian plate forcing the Himalayan Mountains to rise, the earthquake temporarily reversed this causing the Indian plate to rise and the Himalayan Mountains to fall. This change in height is temporary as the tectonic plates underneath will continue to go with the flow as they did before the quake. 

Journey to the Center of the Earth

When we stand in EarthView, we are just below what would be the core of the earth. It could be represented by a ball about two feet in diameter, held about as high as a tall adult could hold it. This week, we join Google in celebrating the anniversary of the woman who discovered that core.

The image above was on the Google home page to celebrate what would have been the 127th birthday of Inge Lehmann on May 13. Using very early versions of the seismographs mentioned above -- and slips of cardboard stored in oatmeal boxes instead of supercomputers -- she analyzed reflections of earthquake waves to study a part of the earth that is more difficult to reach than Mars. She published her results in 1936, and it would be almost 40 years before computerised seismographs were sophisticated enough to verify her findings.

Read more about her life and work in the tribute from Smithsonian magazine.

Natural Earth -- This week the EarthView team found out about another great tool for learning about the planet.

This image was captured at 7am on Thursday, May 14. The lines show wind direction at the surface, indicating the importance of flows toward and away from coastlines. The colors indicate temperature and show the importance of continentality. At this early hour of the day, land masses remain cooler than the oceans, and high elevations are cooler than low.

This image is from a project known as Natural Earth, an artistic rendering of winds or currents overlaid on data about speed, temperature, or pressure. From the very simple main page, click on the word "earth" for a menu of options that include mapping high-altitude winds or shifting backward or forward in time.
Full-disk image captured shortly after the regional image shown above.
Whatever parameters you choose, the flowing map reveals patterns that are both beautiful and informative.

We hope that the students of Mary Baker School enjoyed today's visit and we hope to be back again soon!

Thursday, May 7, 2015

Frolio Middle School, Abington- May 8th

42° 07' 06"N
70° 56' 47"W
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The EarthView team is happy to be visiting Frolio Middle School in Abington for the third time! Our first visit brought us here back in 2010 and our last visit occurred on Valentine's Day last year. 

Today's visit brings us on the Friday after May 5th, otherwise known as Cinco de Mayo. Cinco de Mayo is a day in which people celebrate the Mexican Army defeating the French during the Franco-Mexican War in 1862 at the Battle of Puebla. 

Puebla, Mexico

While surprisingly Cinco de Mayo is actually a minor holiday in Mexico, it is largely celebrated here in the United States especially in areas with a large Mexican-American population. In Mexico, the celebration primarily takes place within the state of Puebla where there is a military parade and a recreation of the battle (reminds us of our state's very own Patriot's Day on April 19th when there is a large parade and a reenactment of the Battle at Lexington and Concord). Throughout the rest of Mexico the day is seemingly just like any other. 

In the United States however, Cinco de Mayo has become a day to celebrate Mexican culture and heritage. Parades, parties and mariachi music can be seen and heard throughout much of the areas of the United States on May 5th. The largest of these celebrations can be found in Los Angeles, Houston and Chicago. 




Image: Being Latino.
Between Puebla and Mexico City is the 17,802-foot volcano Popocatépetl. In 1989, Dr. Hayes-Bohanan spent a night on the side of Popo, in the village of  Yancuitlalpan. Almost every day that summer, he and his wife climbed to the cathedral of San Pedro Cholula, which is on top of the ruins of seven pre-Columbian pyramids. When the Spanish arrived in 1519, this was the tallest structure in the Western Hemisphere.

During our visit, we spoke about the legend of Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl, a nearby volcano that is almost as tall. The story is similar to that of Romeo & Juliet, but with a geographic difference: it explains how the Aztecs named these important mountains, and the fact that the names are still in use is a good example of how the conquering Spanish used names. In many instances -- especially in Central Mexico -- indigenous names were left in place or combined with Spanish names, with exclusively Spanish names being relatively uncommon even today in some regions.

One can actually drive from Frolio to this pyramid. It would take about 45 hours of constant driving.

We hope that the students of Frolio Middle School enjoyed today's visit with EarthView and we hope to be back next year! 

Friday, May 1, 2015

Spofford Pond School, Boxford- May 1st

42°41'46" N 
71°01'02" W
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The EarthView team is happy to be back visiting Spofford Pond School in Boxford! This will be our fourth visit to the school. Our first visit was back in 2010 and that visit was the first time that EarthView had traveled to a school on the North Shore! 


Be Like Brit Orphanage
Our last visit was back in November of 2013. During that visit we learned of a project that the then sixth graders (current 8th graders) were participating in. They were helping to raise money for Be Like Brit foundation. The foundation is named for Britney Gengel, a young local woman who lost her life in the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, while working to help children there. Because the earthquake caused so much destruction in Haiti, the Gengel family decided to help the people of Haiti while also honoring the loved one they lost. Today, a 19,000 square foot orphanage built in the shape of a 'B' stands in Grand Goave, Haiti. The orphanage houses and educates 33 boys and 33 girls which symbolize the number of days that Britney was lost beneath the rubble following the earthquake.  

Most recently, a 7.8 magnitude Earthquake hit the Himalayan Mountain region on Saturday April 25th. It's epicenter was located in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal and as of Tuesday April 28th, at least 5,000 people had died as a result of the earthquake. 

This map shows the epicenter of the first quake and its aftershocks

The country of Nepal is very mountainous and is located between India and China along the Himalayas.It is a very impoverished country, it is the poorest in all of South East Asia and the 17th poorest country in the world according to the United States Agency for International Development. This earthquake is extremely devastating to Nepal's economy as much of its infrastructure has been completely destroyed and without the money to rebuild, the people of Nepal need all of the help that we can provide to the non-profit agencies such as the Red Cross who will assist in providing aid to the people. According to the Australian ABC news website,180 buildings have been destroyed and 500 more buildings were damaged in Nepal's capital, Kathmandu. 102 additional buildings were destroyed in the city of Bidur which is located north-west of Kathmandu. 


Due to its proximity to Mount Everest, Saturday's earthquake in Nepal triggered an avalanche on the mountain which killed at least 18 people when many tons of ice fell upon the base camp.  


Avalanche on Mount Everest

Out of the devastation and heartbreak, there have been some remarkable stories of survival coming out of Nepal. One of these stories is about a 4 month old baby boy who was found beneath the rubble in Nepal some 22 hours after the Earthquake had occurred. He was able to survive with minor injuries but unfortunately the location of his parents are unknown which means that they sadly probably perished in the earthquake. Even more astounding then that is the story of a man who survived being trapped beneath the rubble in Kathmandu for 80 hours following the devastating earthquake. More of these remarkable stories of survival can be found by going here


If you would like to see some interesting maps and charts of the Nepal Earthquake, they can be found here.



During today's visit to Spofford Pond, we talked about vexillology -- the study of flags. We mentioned that when the country of South Africa changed to a more inclusive form of government, it engaged in a very public process of designing a new flag. We also mentioned the fact that some individuals have enjoyed creating informal flags for cultural regions. A great example is the effort of an individual blogger to create a new flag for the Delaware Valley region around Philadelphia.
See the Delaware Valley Flag community on Facebook.
We hope that the students of Spofford Pond School enjoyed their visit with EarthView today and we hope to be back again! 


Friday, April 24, 2015

Citizens for Citizens After School Program, BSU- April 24th

41°59'17"N
70°58'21"W
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Citizens for Citizens

Today the EarthView team is pleased to welcome the Citizens for Citizens Inc, after school program from Fall River, MA to Bridgewater State University!

Citizens for Citizens Inc. provides a safe environment and educational after school care to the children of the greater Fall River area who are in grades K-8. 



Celebrate Earth Day!
Dunk
Today's visit falls upon the Friday after Earth Day! Earth day is a day when the people of 192 countries come together to participate in worldwide events that promote environmental protection. Earth day was first celebrated on April 22nd, 1970 and has been celebrated on that day ever since. Currently, it is coordinated by the Earth Day Network.


For Earth Day this year, the NSA (National Security Administration) debuted a new Mascot, a friendly recycling bin named Dunk. While, Dunk was specifically created for the school children in Maryland, we can all look to Dunk for tips on recycling! 

While looking for some fun Earth Day activities, we discovered an interactive Footprint Calculator run by the Earth Day Network that shows you what ecological impact that you have on the world. EarthView wrangler, Eva, was surprised by the impact that she has on the Earth when she tries her hardest to recycle and live sustainably, these were her results:



Ecological Footprint by the Earth Day Network

If you would like to learn what your ecological footprint is, you can go here.

Just in time for our journey inside the earth, National Geographic has shared a lesson about what the inside of the Earth is really like!

Some other fun activities for Earth Day can be found on the following websites:
Scholastic: http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/collection/celebrate-earth-day
Teacher Vision: https://www.teachervision.com/earth-day/teacher-resources/6612.html
NEA: http://www.nea.org/tools/lessons/Earth-Day-Curriculum-Resources-Grades-K-5.html
Earth Day Network: http://www.earthday.org/mobilize-your-students

We hope that the Citizens for Citizens after school program students enjoyed their visit to Bridgewater State University and for seeing our EarthView globe! Happy Earth Day! 

Monday, April 20, 2015

Thomas Jefferson Middle School, Arlington, Virginia- April 20th

38° 52' 10" N
77° 05' 51" W
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The Earthview team is happy to be returning to Arlington Public Schools to start off Earth Week! Our visit this year is to Thomas Jefferson Middle School on South Old Glebe Road. The road passes through this historic city, and is actually named for the Glebe House, where Dr. Hayes-Bohanan remembers visiting his great-aunt as a child.

The Jefferson School is an ideal location for an EarthView visit. Not only is it sponsoring a variety of exciting events for Earth Week, it is a school that has dedicated itself to global education through the adoption of the International Baccalaureate Middle Years program.

Our previous visit was in April of 2010 when Dr. Hayes-Bohanan and Dr. Domingo visited Long Branch Elementary School, which is located at 38° 52' 28" N, 77° 05' 23" W. Knowing the absolute location of each school allows us to compare their relative locations. Which is farther north and which is farther west? By how much?

Our previous visit coincided with the national meeting of the Association of American Geographers, which is headquartered in nearby Washington, DC and which was meeting in the nation's capital that year. This year's visit also coincides with the annual meeting of the AAG, which is being held in Chicago, Illinois this year. Aside from the EarthView team, many faculty members and students from Bridgewater State University are in Chicago with thousands of other geographers this week.

Dr. James Minor
At today's visit, we will have a special guest visiting us, Dr. James T. Minor, The Deputy Assistant Secretary for Higher Education of the US Department of Education. Before working for the DOE, Dr. Minor worked as the Senior Program Officer and Director of Higher Education Programs for  the Southern Education Foundation in Atlanta, Georgia.

We are thankful to Sarah Beaton of the U.S. Department of Education and Patrick Murphy, superintendent of Arlington Public Schools, for their enthusiasm for geography as a 21st-century field of study, and for arranging this visit. We are also grateful to Jefferson Middle School leaders Keisha Boggan and Ellen Smith for hosting this event.


While we are near to the Nation's Capital, we invite friends of geography to support the "Teaching Geography is Fundamental Act" that National Geographic, AAG, and affiliated Alliances throughout the United States have been working on for years. Our nation has no dedicated federal funding to advance geography education. As a result of this, we are facing a crisis in geographic literacy which is jeopardizing our global competitiveness, our position of diplomatic leadership and much more. This act would authorize grants to universities and nonprofit organizations for programs to expand geographic literacy among American students and improve the teaching of geography at the K-12 level.




Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Blanchard Memorial School, Boxboro- April 17th

42° 28' 56" N
71° 30' 21" W
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The EarthView team is excited to be visiting Blanchard Memorial School in Boxboro for the first time today! Our visit today is a long way from home, about 62 miles from BSU but we have traveled much farther before into Middlesex County, like our visit to Tewksbury back in March. 

While the town name is officially spelled Boxborough, it is spelled 'Boxboro' on many highway signs and on official documents, making both spellings of the word correct. This is much like quite a few towns in Massachusetts that end in the word "borough", which means, "an incorporated municipality smaller then a city", including Foxborough (Foxboro), Middleborough (Middleboro) and Marlborough (Marlboro). 

Some fun facts about Boxboro are that as of the 2010 census, only 4,996 people lived in town. In comparison, that is roughly half of the enrolled undergraduates at Bridgewater State University! Boxboro is home to only one elementary school, the one that we are visiting today! Blanchard Memorial is now a part of the Acton-Boxborough Regional School District and students who enter the 7th grade and beyond attend school in nearby Acton. The town is also home to a glacial esker that is over 1 mile in length and is located at the Beaver Valley Preserve

Over the weekend, Dr. Hayes-Bohanan was listening to NPR and he happened to hear of something that we would all be interested in! He heard a story of the island, Zanzibar, and the spices that are produced there. 

Zanzibar Island


Zanzibar island is also known as "Spice Island" because it sits in the crosswind of the ancient Eastern Trade Route between Asia and Europe and became a plantation for the growing of spices. Today, it is a large producer of Vanilla, Cinnamon and Nutmeg. 


Vanilla Orchid

When listening to the report on Zanzibar, we learned some interesting thing such as how finicky the Vanilla Orchid is! The Orchid only flowers once a year and the farmers have to pollinate each flower by hand. If the flower is not pollinated by noon that same day then it dies. This is why pure vanilla is so expensive because it takes a lot of work to make, so we are more apt to find the synthetic (artificial) variety in our local stores. 


Cinnamon Tree

Another interesting thing to note is that the laurel tree that Cinnamon grows on has multiple uses! Not only does it produce the cinnamon that we love to put on our toast, the roots are good for colds as they offer a taste that has hints of eucalyptus, sweet basil and menthol. All things that are good ways to treat the common cold and flu!

We hope you enjoyed learning about these things as much as we did and we hope that the students of Blanchard Memorial enjoyed EarthView's visit! 



Friday, April 10, 2015

Nicholas A. Ferri Middle School, Johnston, RI- April 10th

41° 49' 47" N
71° 30' 07" W
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The EarthView team is pleased to be visiting Nicholas A. Ferri Middle School in Johnston, Rhode Island for the very first time! Our visit today is a long way from our visit on Wednesday which was in Winchester, Massachusetts, some 65 miles North of Johnston, RI. While we have taken EarthView to Rhode Island College in Providence for an event, we have never visited a middle school in the area and we are excited that this is our first! 

Some fun facts about Johnston are that it was once part of Providence until it separated in 1758 and became incorporated on March 6th, 1759. The town was named after the colonial Attorney General, Augustus Johnston  and about 28,800 people currently reside there. 

In preparation for today's visit, we learned that the Social Studies classes are currently focusing on the geography of Ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. We have decided to include some maps and handy websites if you are interested to learn more about these places!
Ancient Egypt Maps


On the Discovering Egypt website, we found a very nifty hieroglyph typewriter where you can write just about anything in hieroglyphs, the ancient form of Egyptian writing.  

                                                   Can you figure out what this says? 
                                                                                                                
                                     
                                                                            (It says EarthView)

If you would like to discover the art of hieroglyphic writing, visit here!



Ancient Greece

                   A lot of information on Ancient Greece to be found at this website here!


Ancient Rome
What sea is in the middle of these lands? Hint: its name means "in the middle of the land."

And last but certainly not least, there is a lot of fun information to be found here on Ancient Rome! 

We hope that you enjoy learning more about these historic, ancient places! 

TODAY THE CARIBBEAN

On a very different part of the planet, President Barack Obama has been traveling this week. Yesterday, he visited a meeting of CARICOM, the Caribbean Community, in Jamaica. This is a group of 20 countries in and near the Caribbean Sea. Because each country has a small economy, they are part of a common market to buy and sell goods more easily.

Today he is in Panama for a much bigger meeting known as the Summit of the Americas. For the first time in 50 years, the president of the United States will be in the same room as the president of Cuba. Look for plenty of photographs of President Obama and President Raul Castro in the news this weekend.

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

Winchester Geography Night- April 8th

42° 27' 01" N
71° 08' 05" W
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The EarthView team is pleased to be in Winchester for McCall Middle School's Family Geography Night! While this is our first ever time at the Geography Night, we have been to McCall Middle, exactly 4 years ago on April 8th, 2011. 

When we first visited the school, Bridgewater State University was known as Bridgewater State College and our first blog post about the school can be found in our archive on our old web address. 

Tonight's event will be an exciting one with many activities for the students of McCall and their families! While it is an informal move up night where the seventh grade Geography students host the incoming sixth graders, (current fifth graders), it is open to the public. 

Tonight's event will feature geography games where you can test your knowledge, the National Geographic Floor Map of Africa, a performance by the Japanese Taiko Drummers Genki Spark and of course our very own EarthView Globe!

We hope to see you there! 

Wednesday, April 1, 2015

Howe Manning Elementary, Middleton- April 3rd

42° 35' 47" N
71° 00' 51" W 
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The Earthview team is happy to be back visiting Howe Manning Elementary School in Middleton for the third year in a row! The blog post for our first visit to the school back in 2012 described a little about the town and you can find that by going here

In case you missed the update from last week's post on the Geography Bee, Massachusetts finally has a female to represent our state in the National Geography Bee. Lucy Chae, a 7th grader from Charles E. Brown School in Newton, was the winner of last week's Bee and the first female winner from our state in the Bee's 27 years! 

The runners up were Michael Izdal of Wilson Middle School in Natick and Markus Elbert of Oak Hill Middle School  in Newton. It seems that Newton is doing something right in regards to  Geography Education -- the winner and a runner up reside and attend school there. The EarthView Team wishes Lucy Chae good luck at the National Competition . It will take place in Washington, D.C. from May 11th through the 13th and we are hoping for her to bring back a win much like Plainville native Sarthwick Karnick did at the 2013 competition. 

Today's visit brings us on Good Friday, the Chrstian holiday which commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and is part of the holiest week in the Christian faith which ends with the celebration of Easter on Sunday. Today is also the start of Passover in the Jewish faith. Passover is an-eight day festival that commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. 





Today's visit also marks the anniversary of many geographically significant events in  history, such as:
In 1860: The Pony Express debuts giving way to the modern era of mail delivery
In 1865: The Confederate capital Richmond was captured by the Union in the Civil War
In 1948: President Harry Truman signed the Foreign Assistance Act, aka the Marshall Plan, that provided $12 million in aid to the countries in Western Europe to assist in their economic recovery after World War II
In 1974: 148 tornadoes hit the heartland of the United States within a 16 hour period, affecting 11 states and Ontario, Canada

If you would like to learn more about the events of April 3rd and any other day in history, fun facts can be found on the History Channel's Website, "This Day in History". April 3rd certainly is a busy day in history! 



Friday, March 27, 2015

Academic WorldQuest, BSU- March 28th

41°59'17"N 
70°58'21"W
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Usually EarthView travels to destinations outside the realm of Bridgewater State University but today's event happens to bring us to Kelly Gymnasium right next door to the Science & Mathematics Center where EarthView is stored when not in use. 

Today we welcome the high school students who are competing in WorldQuest's Boston Regional Competition as part of the journey to compete in the National Academic WorldQuest. 

Academic WorldQuest, a global knowledge competition that has become a flagship program of the World Affairs Councils of America, is a fun, friendly and powerful way for high school students to learn about international affairs.  Teams comprising four students typically prepare in an after-school setting over the course of several months. 

At today's Boston regional competition, teams view a PowerPoint presentation of 100 multiple-choice questions covering topics such as people in the news, world geography, elections, international organizations and current events.  The event is open to parents, friends and the general public, who also are given answer sheets and enjoy playing along.  The winning high school team travels to Washington, D.C., in April to compete in the National Academic WorldQuest, virtually all expenses paid.

We wish good luck to everyone competing today and we here at EarthView continue to be impressed by the amount of knowledge students have on the subject of Geography!

Atlantic Questions

During our visit to Tenney Grammar School in Methuen, students asked a couple of interesting questions about the Atlantic Ocean. Because we were not exactly certain of the answers, we promised to add a couple of maps to the blog, to benefit them and any other curious readers.

The first question was about the location of the Bermuda Triangle, the purported "spooky" area of the northeast Atlantic. We could point out the British dependency of Bermuda -- which is a popular destination for cruises from Boston -- but we were uncertain of the orientation of the triangle. We found this map on the Bermuda Triangle page of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), a scientific agency of the U.S. Government. The page includes a link that explains the US Coast Guard's opinion about the Triangle. During our visit, we mentioned the smaller and less famous Bridgewater Triangle, named for EarthView's home town.

While Bermuda is in a warm part of the North Atlantic, the other question students had for us was about a tragedy in the colder far north. The question is about the 1912 sinking of the "unsinkable" Titanic as it voyaged from England to New York.
Astronomers at Texas State University show the location of the sinking, along with a possible path of the iceberg that was carried into the ship's path. This study was done by astronomers because of the possible role of the moon in the unexpected movement of the iceberg. In looking for such maps, we also found an interesting use of Geographic Information Systems in mapping the home locations of all of the ship's passengers.

The passenger list exhibits a concept geographers call a "distance-decay" function, meaning that the greatest number of passengers if found near the ports of origin and destination and decline with distance. Viewers of the ESRI Titanic Passengers map can explore these patterns in detail and can also separate the passengers according to economic class because tickets were sold in three very distinct classes.